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Koryaks. How the natives of Kamchatka live in the modern world

The Koryaks are the indigenous population of the northern part of Kamchatka, one of the most ancient people on the peninsula. The Koryaks appeared about 15 thousand years ago. Since ancient times, these peoples were fishers and reindeer herders. The men were primarily hunters, while women were engaged in material processing, sewing, and embroidery. Killed animals were used for food, and deer skins were used for clothing. By the 19th century, fishing was the main activity of the Koryaks because the whale and killer whale fishery was significantly reduced. Vast shoals of salmon species, such as chinook salmon, sockeye salmon, chum salmon, coho salmon, and pink salmon, were found in Kamchatka from spring to fall. Koryaks used homemade nets, harpoon-type fishing rods, and constipation for salmon fishing. Therefore, fishing is considered a traditional type of craft among the indigenous inhabitants of Kamchatka.

Today, the Koryaks are considered to be an endangered people. The Koryaks live under challenging conditions, surrounded by devastation, difficult climatic conditions, and power outages. The problem of the ethnic population endangerment is constantly raised in the press. Journalists and ethnographers are trying to draw attention to the Koryaks. In 2014, Vladimir Kosygin made a documentary film about these people – “Closed Valley Man.” The film shows the harsh life of the north and the daily work of these people. You can visit here this site xfire and you get to the best latest information.Visit here zeepost

For 30 years, the Koryaks have felt the consequences of ill-conceived economic reforms and government policies. In the early 90s, the Koryak Autonomous Okrug lost its agriculture. Reindeer husbandry has been left without state support and is practically disappearing. If at the beginning of the 90s there were about 150 thousand deer heads, by 2020, only forty thousand heads remained. There is simply no major construction in Kamchatka due to the high cost that the indigenous people cannot afford. As to fishing, there have been considerable problems with the introduction of quotas and obtaining permits for fishing for ten years. Visit now online best website viewster. And great needful best website weblo. And Click here pseudo.

To support the existence of these indigenous people, the Vostochny Bereg company, a unique enterprise in the fishing industry, and personally its leader Andrey Germash, developed a unique program that has brought excellent results in ten years. Andrey Germash is an experienced entrepreneur, manager, and active participant in World Wildlife Fund (WWF) projects. After participating in the WWF conference on sustainable fishing in Alaska, Andrey Germash learned about the program to help the ethnic population of that US state. He used that experience in his native land – the Kamchatka Peninsula. This peninsula is the richest in the world in terms of natural resources and is valuable for salmon fish. Geographically, Kamchatka is located not far from Alaska, so the ethnic populations are very similar in their way of life and customs.

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Taking the Alaska program as a model, the Vostochny Bereg company provides Koryaks with jobs and helps to sell local products – it catches salmon according to the communities’ quota and transfers the proceeds from sales back to them. In addition, the company contributes to providing medical care and education to the indigenous people of Kamchatka.

Thanks to this program, this ethnic population exists in their native lands. As a result, the Koryaks preserve their traditions, pass them on to future generations, learn new crafts and develop their communities.

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